Green A to Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Calculators

RE-USE

Candle Wax

RE-USE

Candle Wax can be re-used.

The obvious use of left-over candle wax is to make new candles out of it. Click here for tips on how to make the most of your old candles.

You can also use your old candle wax to make fire starters. You will need some pine cones. To keep costs down collect these yourself. Click here to learn how to make pine cone fire starters.

Candles

The majority of candles on the high street are manufatured using paraffin wax made from crude oil.

Soy candles are a better option. Soy wax is non-toxic, renewable and sustainable. Soy candles have cleaner burning and last longer. 

Car Batteries

RECYCLE

Car Batteries can be recycled.

There is a local scheme.

They can be recycled at either the Brighton or Hove recycling sites. See Recycling Sites for locations and opening times.

Alternatively they can be traded in at a dealer where you will receive approximately 35p per battery.  It is most often your local scrap dealer who will accept these.

Car Engines

RE-USE RECYCLE

Car engines can be re-used & recycled.

If you have an old car engine contact AJCM Metal Recycling and they will come and collect it free of charge. Call 01293 400952 or 07745 450888.

Car Rental

REDUCE

Rent one from your own street! See WhipCar for more details. A successful and convenient rental means making the most of the car's that already exist hopefully reducing the need for you to buy one.

Carbon

REDUCE RE-USE RECYCLE

Carbon emissions can be reduced.

The average annual carbon output per household is 12.5 tonnes and rising! Despite a government target to reduce our carbon emissions by 65% by 2050, the current trend is that the world's carbon output is increasing. Experts at The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Organisation have produced statistics based on 30 years research. They claim that the world carbon output has doubled since 1990. It's going in the wrong direction!

Please consider how you can reduce your personal carbon footprint. Calculate your carbon footprint with BPCarbon Footprint or My Carbon Footprint. One third of your carbon output is from heat and power in your home, one third is a by-product from driving & flying and one third is from food miles. For help with this try Climate Care or Carbon Footprint. Looking at this can be quite overwhelming so try to take it one step at a time and remember, Rome wasn't built in a day; you won't reduce your carbon footprint in a day. Well done for making a start!

Your carbon emissions can be off-set by supporting a scheme which aims to cut emissions. But according to Friends of the Earth carbon off-setting plays only a small role in the fight against climate change. Some of the offsetting schemes are seriously flawed so do consider them carefully.

Cardboard

RECYCLE

Cardboard can be recycled.

There are several local schemes.

It can be included in your kerbside collection. Alternatively please take it to either the Brighton or Hove recycling sites. See Recycling Sites for locations and opening times.

Cards - greetings

RE-USE RECYCLE

You can reuse greetings cards by cutting off the picture to make a new card or you can recycle them in your hosuehold recycling. Cards covered in glitter or foil cannot be recycled and should be placed in your household rubbish.

Carpentry Tools

RE-USE

See Tools

Carrier Bags

REDUCE RE-USE RECYCLE

Carrier bags can be recycled.

There is a local scheme.

Most large supermarkets run recycling schemes, locally including Tesco's, Sainbury's, ASDA and Waitrose,  as well as Magpie Recycling- however there is a small cost involved.  

Around 42% of us fail to recycle carrier bags.  Annually the UK wastes 6 billion carrier bags which last year amounted to 40,000 tonnes.  The most important action regarding carrier bags is to reduce or re-use them. This is easily done by using a "bag for life" which is available at all major supermarkets or by re-using your carrier bags. Try to adopt a new habit of taking a handful of carrier bags with you whenever you go shopping or leaving a handful in your car. 

Plastic is made from oil - world oil supplies are running out. Modbury in Devon has adopted a carrier bag free initiative and
 Brighton is planning to follow suit.

Carrots

REDUCE

Eat British carrots! From June, home grown carrots are available in shops for 11 months. They are rated at 45g of carbon per 1kg of carrots produced compared to 80g for onions and a whopping 240g for potatoes.

What else is good about carrots?

The greatest nutritional value of the carrot is it being an excellent source of beta carotene; evidence suggests that this may help protect against damage caused by free radicals (responsible for aging, tissue damage and some diseases). The body converts beta carotene into Vitamin A which is needed for healthy vision.

N.B. Unlike most other vegetables, carrots are more nutritious cooked than eaten raw.

And finally . . . . . . .

Carrots are orange! A colour that denotes energy, warmth and the sun - the source of all life. In colour therapy orange is the colour of creativity and also joy!

How can you not eat more carrots? What about growing your own?

Cars

REDUCE RECYCLE

Cars can be re-used and recycled.

If you have an old car which needs recycling contact AJCM Metal Recycling and they will come and collect it free of charge. Call 01293 400952 or 07745 450888.

Cars contribute significantly to carbon emissions. There are some simple measures you can take. Reduce how many journeys you make by ditching the car for short journeys. You could take the bus or walk instead. Good planning means you can get many jobs done during one journey. Car sharing is helpful. Check out the following Lift ShareCarplusCityCarClub, Go Car Share and WhizzGo.

More "radical" alternatives can include the use of electric cars and alternatively fuelled vehicles.  The Government has recently pledged to make this "radical alternative" more mainstream and an available real alternative to petrol powered cars.

CD's

RE-USE RECYCLE

CD's can be re-used and recycled.

Please bring all your unwanted CD's to the Green Centre including those without cases. These can be taken to the Green Centre Stall at the Open Market on a Thursday between 9am anmd 5pm. Please ALWAYS refer to our Facebook page to check we are there.

Currently we can accept a maximum of 20. Large quantities are charged by the carrier bag because we have to pay for them to be recycled.

Half carrier bag;£3.50

Full Carrier bag: £7.00

It is best to re-use CD's wherever possible. Donate them to a charity shop, sell them at a car boot sale and alternatively some high street stores buy CD's.

Ceramics

RECYCLE

Ceramics can be recycled.

You can take your ceramics to either the Brighton or Hove recycling sites.  See Recycling Sites for locations and opening times.

There is a limit of six small builder’s bags for each household each month.

Chain Saws

RE-USE

Chemicals

RECYCLE

Certain chemicals can be recycled.

There is a local scheme.

Please take these to the council household waste recycling site in Hove.  Please see Recycling Sites for locations and opening times.

China

REDUCE RE-USE RECYCLE

China can be re-used.

Please take your china to a charity shop. Reduce the need for new china by buying second-hand at the Green Centre, car boot sales or charity shops.

Alternatively you can use your broken crockery in your garden for decorating pots or flower beds.

Chipboard

A limited amount of chipboard from home improvements or DIY can be disposed of at Brighton or Hove Household Waste and Recycling sites. See Recycling Sites for locations and opening times.

Please note: Chipboard which is part of business waste which is any waste from commercial, trade or business activities cannot be disposed of at Household Waste and Recycling sites. This includes any waste from domestic properties used for profit (for example landlords taking waste from a rented property) and waste that is being removed for payment.

Christmas Trees

RECYCLE

Christmas trees can be recycled at one of the Christmas tree recycling sites which are opened by the Council each year after Christmas or taken to Brighton or Hove Household Waste and Recycling sites. See Recycling Sites for locations and opening times.

If you have signed up to the Council garden waste collections, a Christmas tree can be placed in your brown garden bin - if they fit.

Clothes

REDUCE RE-USE RECYCLE

Clothes can be re-used or recycled.

You can bring any item of clothing to the Green Centre including items which are ripped, stained or in a very poor condition. Items which are not able to be sold will be recycled through our textiles recycling partner where EVERY piece of the clothing will be used in some way.

These can be taken to the Green Centre Stall at the Open Market on a Thursday between 9am anmd 5pm. Please ALWAYS refer to our Facebook page to check we are there.

Alternatively you can take your clothing to any charity shop or to either the Brighton or Hove recycling sites.  See Recycling Sites for locations and opening times.

By purchasing 2nd hand clothing at car boot sales or charity shops you are reducing demand for new clothes.

Recycling 1kg of textiles saves:

- 3.6kg of Co2 emissions
- 6000 litres of water
- 0.3kg of fertilizers
- 0.2kg of pesticides

Coats

RE-USE RECYCLE

See Clothes

Cobbler's Tools

RE-USE

See Tools

Coffee grounds (Commercial)

RECYCLE

Coffee grounds can be recycled commercially. Bio-bean was founded in 2013 by Arthur Kay, and is the first company in the world to industrialise the process of recycling waste coffee grounds into advanced biofuels and biochemicals. 

The UK produces 500,000 tonnes of waste coffee grounds every year, most of which is disposed of via landfill where it emits methane, a greenhouse gas that is 28 times more potent than carbon dioxide.

Bio-bean works within the existing energy and waste infrastructure to collect spent coffee grounds from coffee shops, offices, transport hubs and coffee factories, recycling them into sustainable and high-performance products and displacing conventional fuels and chemicals.

Coffee Packaging - KENCO only

RECYCLE

Coffee packaging can be recycled.

The Green Centre has been selected for a coffee packaging recycling scheme by Terracycle. We can accept;

  • KENCO coffee jar lids
  • KENCO refill packs

These can be taken to the Green Centre Stall at the Open Market on a Thursday between 9am anmd 5pm. Please ALWAYS refer to our Facebook page to check we are there.

Coffee Pods

There are a range of coffee pods on the market.

  • Tassimo Pods can be recycled with the Green Centre. Learn more.
  • Nescafe Pods have their own recycling scheme. Learn more.

Coffins

REDUCE

There are green alternatives to traditional coffins. Local companies offer a variety of options. Green coffins, also known as eco coffins, are becoming more popular in the UK as many of us consider the impact our lives, and deaths, have on the environment.

The idea behind a green coffin is it being as natural as possible in terms of the materials used so that the coffin will decompose naturally. This is done in order for precious resources and materials not to be used unnecessarily.. Please consider a biodegradable coffin made from materials such as wicker, bamboo or recycled cardboard.

For a silk screened "Ecopod" made out of recycled paper try Ecopod or Eco Coffins. For a traditional willow coffin contact Somerset Willow Company.

Coins

RE-USE

Coins can be re-used.

The Green Centre will accept ANY coins. These can be taken to the Green Centre Stall at the Open Market on a Thursday between 9am anmd 5pm. Please ALWAYS refer to our Facebook page to check we are there.

To make best use of old English currencies take it to a coin shop for valuation and advice on how best to dispose of the coins. There is a shop in Brighton called Valelink Ltd which can be found at 26 Queens Road, Brighton. The telephone number is 01273 202906.

Alternatively there is a shop in Hove called The Hove Coin Shop at 3 Planet House, The Drive, Hove, and can be contacted on 01273 737537.

Colouring Books

Colouring Pencils

RE-USE

Commercial Waste

RECYCLE

There are many companies who deal with commercial waste throughout the UK

But not all of them recycle the waste.

Whoever you choose to pay to remove your commercial waste it would be supportive to the environment if you choose a company which recycles.

Local companies include: 
Brighton Waste (01273 410777), who recycle cardboard, hardcore, metal and paper.
Green Acre Recycling (01273 600909), who recycle glass, hardcore, metal and wood.
Magpie and their partner Brighton Paper Round (01273 685628) who recycle all the commercial waste they collect.
Team Waste (
01342 711941) who recycle cardboard and glass only.

Companies who offer their services throughout the UK include:
Biffa (01273 564064), who recycle paper and cardboard. 
PHS (O870 241 7491), who try to recycle as much as they can but cannot guarantee this.
Sita (01342 716388), who recycle cardboard, glass, paper, plastic, tin and wood.
Veolia (02392 666999), who recycle a range of items.

Since October 2007 there are new directives in relation to commercial waste, for further information about this see the Environment Agency webpages.

Composting

RECYCLE

You can recycle and compost many types of waste.

There are many local opportunities and schemes.

Composting is an inexpensive, natural process that transforms your kitchen and garden waste into valuable food for your garden. By composting at home you can reduce the amount of rubbish you put out for collection and return important nutrients and minerals to your soil.

You can compost coffee & tea, flowers & plants, grass cuttings, hedge trimmings, leaves (small amount), sawdust & bark, fruit & vegetables, cardboard & paper. You can order a composter here, or call 0845 600 0323.

If you would like to compost meat, fish, cooked food and dairy products it is recommended that you use a Green Cone or a Green Johanna (call 0800 731 2572).

For composting with worms, contact Wiggly Wigglers on 0800 216990. If you don't have a garden, the Brighton & Hove Community Compost scheme will gladly accept your waste food for composting. This scheme operates from Stanmer Park.

Computer Monitors

RECYCLE

Computer Monitors can be recycled.

There is a local scheme.

Please take them to the Brighton or Hove recycling sites. See Recycling Sites for locations and opening times.

Computer Use

REDUCE

Using a computer can generate between 40g and 80g of carbon emissions per hour. Once you start using the internet this can rise even further.

When you sit in front of your computer it is hard to imagine the energy you are using beyond the electricity which powers your computer or laptop.

Try to imagine all the information the internet brings to you and how quickly it brings it to you. That information needs to be stored somewhere and then transported to your machine. This information is stored in large data centres which are among the most energy-intensive facilities imaginable.

In 2007 the information and communication technologies or ICT sector was estimated to be responsible for 2% of all global carbon emissions and data centres accounted for 14% of this.

Power and in particular cooling of data centres continues to present a large challenge.

Please browse the internet for more about computing carbon emissions.

Computers

RE-USE RECYCLE

Computers can be recycled.

There is a local scheme.

Magpie Recycling will collect all your unwanted PC equipment for a small fee.

We do urge you to think seriously about all your computer purchases. Do you really need to update? Are you falling for all the marketing hype? What do you actually do on your computer?

Recycle IT are a specialist computer recycling company where old or broken hardware is disassembled into metal, circuit boards, cabling, and plastics - all of which is recyclable!  Other working computers are donated to schools or charities that can put them to good use.  For more information visit the website above and see what you can root out from behind desks, in cupboards and under beds!

Rafts of other worthwhile charities are running schemes to ensure that our surplus, outdated technological items are not sent to landfill.  You can donate old computers through 'Computer Aid' and 'Computers For Charities' who will send working units on to less economically developed countries.  You can also offer up your extra computer components and peripherals to other individuals within the UK via 'Donate a PC', Oxfam and ICER.  All great charities doing great work!

When you are updating use Freecycle to dispose of any machine which is actually working and all those leads and other paraphernalia that could be useful to others! There are other schemes which allow you to dispose of your IT equipment.

IT Skills 4 Rural Kenya operates in Brighton and Hove. They accept working computers and sends them, along with people who can teach computing skills, to Kenya.

Confetti

REDUCE

Charles Hudson has created confetti from delphinium, rose and wildflower petals which biodegrades naturally.

It is available from The Real Flower Petal Confetti Company.

Console Games

RE-USE RECYCLE

Console games can be recycled and reused.

There are local opportunities to recycle them.

Recycling console games has become much easier over the last few years with the introduction of games recycling programmes by the likes of Blockbuster and other well-known video and console games outlets. CEX on Western Road, Brighton, specialise in second-hand DVDs, games, consoles and other electronic entertainment.

The opportunity to trade in your old PlayStation 2 & 3, Xbox, PC and Nintendo Wii games for example offers the chance to offset the value of your old games against a new purchase. It also gives other people the chance to acquire second-hand console games at a fraction of the original price.

Construction

RE-USE RECYCLE

Whether it's a demolition job, unwanted materials arising throughout a project or an end of project site clearance - DON'T SKIP IT!

Currently updating this.

Contamination

Contamination is one of the biggest challenges facing recycling organisations. One of the biggest contamination issues in Brighton and Hove involves plastic recycling.

Including plastics other than bottles in the collection can lead to contamination. There is very little margin for contamination, it varies from 1 - 10% depending on the material. If the levels of contamination veer over the threshold instead of being recycled it will have to be incinerated for energy recovery. It costs the council £65 a tonne to recycle plastic BUT £165 a tonne to incinerate it. 

 

Cookers

RECYCLE

If you have an old cooker which needs recycling call Adrian of AJCM Metal Recycling and he will come and collect it free of charge. Call Adrian on 07745 450888.

Cooking Oil

RECYCLE

Cooking oil can be recycled.

Used cooking oil must not be disposed of via the drainage system as it can lead to blockages.

There are several local schemes for recycling.

Please take your old oil to The Green Centre at the Open Market on a Thursday where it will be recycled and used to support vehicles operated by Magpie and buses operated by The Big Lemon. The Green Centre accepts the following waste vegetable oils;

  • maize
  • olive
  • palm
  • rapeseed
  • soya
  • sunflower
  • safflower
  • sesame
  • almond
  • coconut
  • groundnut
  • peanut
  • walnut oil

Do not worry about small particles of food matter left in the oil - this will be sieved out. However the scheme won't accept oil contaminated with animal fat.

Please save your oil in a screw top plastic bottle no larger than 2 litres. We are not able to accept glass bottles or flip top lids.

Alternatively take your oil to the Brighton or Hove Household Waste and Recycling sites. See Recycling Sites for locations and opening times.

The Brighton Slick School scheme operated by Magpie will accept same oils as listed above.

Slick schools include;

Hertford Infant School, Hertford Rd, Hollingdean, Brighton open their Slick Bin for just a couple of hours every half-term. Call 01273 552931for more details.

Somerhill School, Somerhill Rd, Hove have not confirmed their Slick Bin opening times so please call 01273 739659for details.

Copper

RECYCLE

Copper can be recycled.

We will accept any copper at the Green Centre including very small amounts such as very short pieces of copper piping, any fittings and any electrical wire from broken electrical items.

These can be taken to the Green Centre Stall at the Open Market on a Thursday between 9am anmd 5pm. Please ALWAYS refer to our Facebook page to check we are there.

Alternatively you can take your copper piping, copper boilers, copper fittings and copper wiring to a scrap dealer. Copper has a very good scrap value. Copper wire can also be taken to a scrap dealer; if you take it with the plastic coating removed you will receive more money.

The local scrap metal company that The Green Centre uses is a family-run company called Argyle Metals Ltd. Their phone number is 01273 680559, and they can be found at Argyle Hall, Campbell Rd, Brighton, East Sussex BN1 4RA.

Corks

RE-USE

There is no cork recycling scheme in the UK however there are a number of ways you can re-use corks. We do accept corks at The Green Centre.

These can be taken to the Green Centre Stall at the Open Market on a Thursday between 9am anmd 5pm. Please ALWAYS refer to our Facebook page to check we are there.

Corks can be used as mulch in your garden which has the added benefit of saving water. 

They can also be used to make
 cork notice boards (61k pdf).

The Alchemist Scrap Store in Worthing will accept corks which are used in schools for art and science projects. Please call them before hand to make sure they can accept them as they may already have a lot in stock.

Cosmetics

RECYCLE

Cosmetics containers can be recycled.

The Green Centre will accept cosmetic containers. These can be taken to the Green Centre Stall at the Open Market on a Thursday between 9am anmd 5pm. Please ALWAYS refer to our Facebook page to check we are there.

The Body Shop collects empty containers of their own brand.

Cottons

RE-USE RECYCLE

See Textiles for cotton material or Haberdashery sewing cotton.

Cremation

REDUCE

Cremation is often wrongly considered as the most environmentally friendly way of organising a funeral.

A cremation produces an average of 50kg of CO2. They are also responsible for around 15% of mercury emissions in the country as a whole. Other chemicals released into the atmosphere include dioxin, hydrochloric acid and sulphur dioxide and of course there's all that timber which goes to waste.

Contact Ecopod for more details about environmentally friendly coffins - 01273 746011

Contact ARKA to learn more about green funerals - 01273 766620

Crisp packets

RECYCLE

Crisp packets can be recycled through the Green Centre Brighton. We can accept crisps from any brand. Please make sure the crisp packets are completely empty of crips. They do not need to be washed. 

This recycling scheme is currently being run by Terracycle and there is a public drop off at the Green Centre in Brighton Open Market on a Thursday between 9am and 5pm. From January 24th 2019 to December 12th 2019.

ALWAYS check our Facebook page to check we are there.

Crochet Hooks

RE-USE

Curtains

RE-USE RECYCLE

See Textiles

Cushions

REDUCE RE-USE

Cushions are virtually impossible to recycle.

We do encourage you to reduce your need to buy new ones.

Unlike many textiles which can be recycled even if they are ripped or stained, cushions are not accepted by the textiles recycling industry.

The only re-use opportunity is at a car boot sale, jumble sale and some charity shops.

You can also use the stuffing from old pillows for crafts, bean bags or new pillows.

Cutlery

RE-USE RECYCLE

Cutlery can be reused or recycled.

You can bring any unwanted cutlery to the Green Centre where it will be resold to support the project or recycled with our scrap merchant.

These can be taken to the Green Centre Stall at the Open Market on a Thursday between 9am anmd 5pm. Please ALWAYS refer to our Facebook page to check we are there.

The local scrap metal company that The Green Centre use is a family run company called Argyle Metals Ltd. Their number is 01273 680 559.

Alternatively, you can cash it in at a scrap merchant yourself.